Goal 16: Peace and Justice, Strong Institutions

The threats of international homicide, violence against children, human trafficking and sexual violence are important to address to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development. They pave the way for the provision of access to justice for all and for building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.

While homicide and trafficking cases have seen significant progress over the past decade, there are still thousands of people at greater risk of intentional murder within Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and around Asia. Children’s rights violations through aggression and sexual violence continue to plague many countries around the world, especially as under-reporting and lack of data aggravate the problem.

To tackle these challenges and build a more peaceful, inclusive societies, there needs to be more efficient and transparent regulations put in place and comprehensive, realistic government budgets. One of the first steps towards protecting individual rights is the implementation of worldwide birth registration and the creation of more independent national human rights institutions around the world.


16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere


16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children


16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all


16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime


16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms


16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels


16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels


16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance


16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration


16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

16.A Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime


16.B Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development