Georgian Bay Biosphere Reserve



       Region/Province/ or State


       Web Address
       Date designated 2004
        Size (hectares)


       Distinguishing Features

largest island archipelago of the North American Great Lakes

       Main Industries (in terms of employment)

tourism, fishery, silviculture

Designated by UNESCO in 2004, the Georgian Bay Biosphere Reserve is an area of 347,000 hectares that stretches 200 km along the eastern coast from Port Severn to the French River, in the world’s largest freshwater archipelago, also known as the 30,000 Islands. The unique geography and geology of the area create more than 1,000 distinct habitat types which support a variety of rare species, including plants, mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians. Visitors can explore a mosaic of open waters, sheltered bays, coastal wetlands, exposed bedrock shores, sand and cobble beaches, riparian vegetation and upland forests.